Mazār-i-Sharīf or Mazār-e Sharīf (Persian/Pashto: مزارِ شریف, ˌmæˈzɒːr ˌi ʃæˈriːf) is the fourth largest city of Afghanistan, with a population of about 375,181 as of 2006. It is the capital of Balkh province and is linked by roads to Kunduz in the east, Kabul in the south-east, Herat to the west and Uzbekistan to the north. The city is a major tourist attraction because of its famous shrines as well as the Muslim and Hellenistic archeological sites.
Mazari Sharif means "Noble Shrine", a reference to the large, blue-tiled sanctuary and mosque in the center of the city known as the Shrine of Hazrat Ali or the Blue Mosque. But it lacks authenticity as the real Shrine of Hazrat Ali (R.A) is hidden and no one knows the real location of that.
Any way, I am going to take you on a cyber tour to the historic city of Mazar-e-Sharif. I hope you will like the journey.
Some people believe that the tomb of Ali ibn Abi Talib, the cousin and son-in-law of Prophet Muhammad, is at this mosque in Mazari Sharif. Twelver Shi'as however, believe that the real grave of Ali is found within Imam Ali Mosque in Najaf, Iraq, as was disclosed by the Sixth Twelver Shi'a Imam, Ja'far as-Sadiq. On the other hand, some believe that it is possible that the shrine in Mazari Sharif is of Zoroaster (Zarathushtra), the founder of the first universally monotheistic religion.
This man once has been very powerful in Afghanistan and Mazar-e-Sharif especially. He is one of the biggest responsible for the destruction and disability of Afghanistan.
In 1998 Taliban captured Mazar-e-Sharif and Abdul Malik, an Afghan Commander surrendered to Taliban and later he deceived them and killed thousands of Taliban who were unaware of the conspiracy of Abdul Malik.
The city is a centre for the traditional buzkashi sport, and the Blue Mosque is the focus of Afghanistan's Nawroz celebration.
None of international human rights organization or other NGOs spoke about this massacre and these guys are still forgotten. The human rights agencies and NGOs were sleeping at that time, perhaps.
Thousands of the Pigeons make their home near the Blue Masjid (Hazrat Ali'e Shrine) in Mazar-e-Sahrif.