Friday, September 14, 2012

Kishorganj; a Historic District in Bangladesh

Kishorganj, Bangladesh
Kishorganj (Bengali: কিশোরগঞ্জ) is a district in central Bangladesh. It is a part of the Dhaka Division. It is divided into thirteen upazilas (county-level subdivisions) and had a total population of 2,525,221 in 1991. 


The district has beed divided into 13 upazilas that are as under:
  1. Astagram Upazila 
  2. Bajitpur Upazila 
  3. Bhairab Upazila 
  4. Hossainpur Upazila 
  5. Itna Upazila 
  6. Karimganj Upazila 
  7. Katiadi Upazila 
  8. Kishoreganj Sadar Upazila 
  9. Kuliarchar Upazila 
  10. Mithamain Upazila 
  11. Nikli Upazila 
  12. Pakundia Upazila 
  13. Tarail Upazila
Katiadi, Kishorganj, Bangladesh

The district of Kishoreganj consists 3980 mosques, 530 temples and seven churches. Muslims, farming 98% of the total population, are in majority. Remaining 2% people belong to other faiths like Hinduism, Christianity etc. 

Place of Interest

Kishorganj is a place of the creed of respectively Sanatana and Loukik Islam. Both Meghna and Brahmaputra river have contributed to its existence. Many traditional rituals are observed every year in Kishoreganj. Among them Kurikhai Mela is one of the most celebrated fair. It is a shrine-oriented festival. It is held every year on the last Monday of the month of Magh. The shrine is situated in Kotiadi thana. The notable Shamsuddin Aulia, one of the fellow of Hajrat Shahjalal, died in this particular place. 

Dewan Amin Dau Khan
Jangalbari Fort is situated in Jangalbari village of Karimganj Upazila. It was once a strong outpost of the Bengal Ruler Isa Khan. Isa Khan erected several structures inside the fort area. This fort was severely damaged by the great earthquake in 1897. Isa Khan's descendants still live in this village. Currently the fourteenth descendant of Isa Khan, Dewan Amin Dau Khan, lives in the fort. 


Egarosindur (Bengali: এগারসিন্ধুর) is a village in Kishorganj. The village is situated on the east side of the river Brahmaputra. The name of this village is found in the Akbornama by the historian Abul Fazal. There is a debate among historians about the history of Egarosindur. Some engraved silver coins, iron-axes, lances and bows and arrows were discovered there presumed to be from the 10th B.C. historians also believe that Egarosindur was inhabited since 1000 B.C., i.e. the time of the Murza. 

There lived many tribals named choch and hajong. Egarosindur was a centre of trade and commerce. 

A Train at Egarosindur, Kishorganj, Bangladesh
In 380 AD Egarosindur was under the reign of Dobak state. After that this region was reigned by the King of Kamarupa. Another historical analyses prove that in 8th century Egarosindur was an important river port where Muslim traders exported and imported their product with Rome and Paris. In the 10th century Egarosindur was under the control of Azhaba, a king of Hazradi. Azbaha triumph over this land by defeated King Botong. But after some years Azbaha was beaten by Bebuid Raza and Bebuid Raza was the first popular king of this land. In his time, Egarosindur was reborn again. He built spectacular palaces, forts, big canals, temples etc.

In the second part of the 10th century king Srishochandra controlled this land. After that this area might be governed by Shen king and then it is included with the land of Kamarupa. In the beginning of 14th century the king of Goura, Firoz Shah succeed to win Egarosindur. In 1338 Sultan Fakruddin Mubarak Shah take the authorization of this ancient land. It was seemed that when Sultan was in a critical position, he took shelter in Egarosindur. 

Isa Khan
In 1577 Isa Khan declared Egarosindur a sovereign state. In his age this place appeared as a remarkable place of trade and commerce. 

In the fort of Egarosindur there held a massive battle between Isa Khan and Mansingh, the general of Akbar. But in the battle field Mansingh was greatly impressed by the boldness and hospitality of Isa Khan. In one stage when they carried out a duel, Mansingh’s sword broke down. 

Isa Khan did not took his life and most surprisingly he offered his own sword to Mansingh. He said, "I could not kill any helpless person". And then they made an agreement in the battle field. 

Akbar granted Isa Khan a jaigir lease over 22 pargonas. After Isa Khan, Egarosindur as a distinct entity was again lost to history. In the reign of Shahjahan in 1638, the king of Assam attacked Egarosindur. Though he was not competent to defeat the warrior of Shahjahan, he destructed this land ruthlessly when he fled away from the battle field. 

Shah Mahmud Masjid in Kishorganj
Shah Mahmud Masjid

It is an attractive building at Egarosindur may be dated sometime around 1680AD.The mosque stands at the back of a slightly raised platform,which is enclosed by a low wall with a gateway consists of an oblong structure with do-chala roof. The mosque proper is a square structure,5.79m a side in the inside,and is emphasized with octagonal towers on the four exteriors angles.All these towers shooting high avobe the roof and terminating in solid kiosks with cupolas,were originally crowned with kalasa finials,still intact in the southern one.The western wall accommodates inside three mihrab –the central one semi –octagonal and the side ones rectangular.The central doorway and central mihrab are larger than their flanking counterparts.The mosque has four axially projected frontones,each corresponding to the centrally located doorways and the central mihrab.The parapets and cornices are horizontal in the usual Mughal fashion. 

Sadi Masdjid in Egarosindur, Kishorganj
All the mihrabs are enriched with terracotta decoration.The mihrabs are arched having cuspings in their outer faces.The pilasters,supporting the mihrab arches,show a series of decorated bands topped by a frieze of petals.The spandrels of these arches,though now plain must have been originally enriched with terracotta plaques. Above the rectangular frame of the central mihrab there is a row of arched-niches filled with varieties of small trees containing flowers. The mosque should specially be noted for its four axially projected frontons with bordering ornamental turrets,a device which must have been borrowed from the four axial iwan-type gateways of the Persian influenced north Indian Mughal standard mosques of Fathpur,Agra and Delhi. 

Sadi Masjid

Another structure of Egarosindur, is one of the best-conserved monuments in the country.A pertain inscription tablet,fixed over the central mihrab,record that the mosque was built in 1062AH(1652AD) by one Sadi,son of Shaikh Shiroo,during the reign of Shahjahan. 

Sonargaon, capital of Bengali ruler Isa Khan
Measuring 25 ft. a side, the single-domed square mosque was built on a raised piece of land. There are three arched entrances in the east, and one each in the middle of the north and the south sides. The central archway, which is larger, is set within a slightly projected rectangular frame, but the flanking archways are contained within slightly recessed rectangle. The qibla wall is recessed with three semi-octagonal mihrabs, which correspond to the three eastern doorways. The mosque represents a happy blending of Mughal elements with the Sultanate architectural traits characteristic of Bengal. 

Fort of Isa Khan

The remain fort is still visible in a spot near the site of Sadi mosque. In this fort Isa Khan was fought against Manshingh, the general of Akbar. Recently some valuable antiques are also found in this place,which bear the attractive history of this legendary place.

Beautiful View of Kishorganj, Bangladesh
Mazar(grave yard) Sharif

In Egarosindur, many pious and kind religious leader came here for inviting people into the light of Islam. Some of them named-Fakir Garibullah Shah(RH), Syed Ahmed Rumi (RH), Nigrin shah(RH) and so on. Their Mazar are situated in this village. The mazar of Garibullah shah (RH) is in a hill like higher position. People treat their mazar at a great respect. But it is a matter of great pleasure that there are no superstitions and fanatic activities because the villagers are very much conscious about this matter. 

Fairy Tales

As it is an ancient place, there are many fairy tales which has become popular in this village. There are tales about the big pond of Bebuid Raza and his wife, two canon of Esha khan and so on.

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