Saturday, January 19, 2013

Khulna; a Major City in Bangladesh

Khulna Skyline, Bangladesh
Khulna is the third largest city in Bangladesh and the principal city of Khulna Division. It is located on the banks of the Rupsha and Bhairab River in Khulna District. It is one of the important industrial and commercial area of the country. It has a seaport named Mongla on its outskirts, 38 km from Khulna City. The population of the city, under the jurisdiction of the City Corporation, was 1,000,000 in 2010 estimation. The wider Statistical Metropolitan Area had at the same time an estimated population of 1,435,422. 

The city is 333 km by road southwest of Bangladesh's capital Dhaka, or 132 km as the crow flies, to which it is connected by air, road, train and water transportation. The steamer fleet for this route includes the ancient ships Tern (1912), Osrich and Lepcha. 

Rupsha River in Khulna, Bangladesh
Geography

Khulna is located in south-western Bangladesh with a total area of 59.57 km², while the district itself is about 4394.46 km². It lies south of Jessore and Narail, East of Satkhira, West of Bagerhat and North of the Bay of Bengal. It is part of the largest delta in the world. In the southern part of the delta lies the Sundarban, the world's largest mangrove forest. The city of Khulna is in the northern part of the district, and is mainly an expansion of trade centers close to the Rupsha and Bhairob rivers. Kapotakkh river is important in Khulna. 

The annual average temperature for Khulna is 35.5 °C with a record low of 10 °C. 

Economy

Like the other big cities of Bangladesh, notably Dhaka and Chittagong, Khulna is undergoing a major transformation, due to its immensely growing population and its status as Bangladesh's third largest city. Because of its strategic location of only 45 km from the port of Mongla, Khulna is considered as a port city like Chittagong. 

Khulna University, Bangladesh
Khulna is known as the city of shrimp, because 75% of shrimp exported from Bangladesh are cultivated in the Khulna zone. It is also known for its lobster, prawn, catfish, and crab. Khulna has some heavy and medium industries like Khulna Hardboard Mills, Bangladesh Oxygen Company, Khulna Oxygen Company, Platinum Jubilee Jute Mills, Star Jute Mills, Dada Match Factory (now Dhaka Match Factory) and Khulna Ship Yard Ltd. 

Education

Universities: 
  • Khulna Agriculture University 
  • Khulna University 
  • Khulna University of Engineering & Technology (KUET) 
  • Govt. B.L University College
Khulna Medical College, Bangladesh
Medical college
  • Khulna Medical College 
Colleges: 
  • Azam Khan Govt. Commerce College 
  • Govt. B.L University College 
  • Khulna Govt. Womens College 
  • Govt. M.M City College 
  • Govt. Sundarban College 
  • Govt. Pioneer Womens College 
  • Govt. Coronation school & College 
  • Govt. Khulna City Corporation School & College 
  • Khulna Public School & College 
  • Khulna Model College 
  • Mohsin college 
  • Daulotpur College
CPIK, Bangladesh
Polytechnic Institutes
  • Gov. Khulna Polytechnic Institute 
  • Gov Khulna mohila Polytechnic Institute 
  • City Polytechnic Institute Khulna 
  • Mangrove Polytechnic Institute 
  • Khanjahan ali Polytechnic Institute 
  • Sundarban Polytechnic Institute 
  • North south Polytechnic Institute 
  • Khulna Technical Institute 
  • Hope Polytechnic Institute 
  • PSTI Polytechnic Institute 
Schools 
  • Khulna Zilla School 
  • St. Joshep School 
  • Munnujan School & College 
  • Model School 
  • Daulatpur Mohsin high School 
  • Khulna Public School & College 
  • Navi School
Khulna Divisional Cricket Stadium
Sports

Cricket and football are the two most popular sports in Khulna. Khulna Division cricket team is a First class cricket team from Khulna Division and has its home ground in Khulna city. In domestic Twenty20 cricket, Khulna has a Bangladesh Premier League franchise known as Khulna Royal Bengal. In football, Khulna Abahani Club played in Bangladeshi top tier football league for several seasons before its relegation in 2008-09 season. 

Khulna Divisional Stadium is the only international sports venue in Khulna. It hosts Test cricket, One Day International and Twenty20 International. It became the 7th Test cricket venue in the country on November 21, 2012. It will also host several matches of the second edition of the Bangladesh Premier League, along with Sher-e-Bangla Cricket Stadium in Dhaka and MA Aziz Stadium in Chittagong. 

Notable personalities
  • Acharya Prafulla Chandra Ray 
  • Mrinalini Devi wife of Rabindranath Tagore 
  • Khan A Sabur Former Communications Minister of Pakistan 
  • Amin Khan Dhallywood Actor

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