Satkhira (Bengali: সাতক্ষীরা), (Urdu and Punjabi: ستخیرا) is a district in south-western Bangladesh and is part of Khulna Division. It lies along the border with West Bengal, India.
Geography and Climate:
Satkhira District has an area of 3858.33 km², It is bordered to the north by Jessore District, on the south by the Bay of Bengal, to the east by Khulna District, and to the west by 24 Pargana District of West Bengal, India. The annual average maximum temperature reaches 35.5°C (95.9°F); and minimum temperature is 12.5°C (54.5°F). The annual rainfall is 1710 mm (67 in). The main rivers are the Kopotakhi river across Dorgapur union of Assasuni Upazila, Morichap River, Kholpotua River, Betna River, Raimangal River, Hariabhanga river, Ichamti river, Betrabati River and Kalindi-Jamuna River.
|Tetulia Jame Masjid in Satkhira|
The total population of Satkhira District is 1,843,194, of which 78.08% are Muslim, 21.45% are Hindu, 0.28% are Christian, 0.01% are Buddhist and 0.18% are other religions. The population is 50.54% male and 49.46% female.
There are two hospitals, the Zila Sadar hospital and a children's hospital, as well as seven upazila health complexes.
The district of Satkhira consists 3296 mosques, 1305 temples, 59 churches, 35 Buddhist temples, 8 tombs and 45 shrines.
|Ahsan Ullah Pak Raoza Sharif Kaliganj, Satkhira|
- GunakarKati Mazar of Hazrat Maulana Shah Abdul Aziz Khulnavi, GunakarKati (opposite of Budh Hata), Assasuni
- Khan Bahadur Ahsan Ullah Pak Raoza Sharif, Nolta, Kaliganj
- Bala Pota Shiv Mandir, Bala Pota, Kaliganj
The district consists of two municipalities, seven Upazilas, 79 union porishods, eight thana (police station) and 1436 villages.
The upazilas are
- Satkhira Sadar Upazila
- Assasuni Upazila
- Debhata Upazila
- Tala Upazila
- Kalaroa Upazila
- Kaliganj Upazila
- Shyamnagar Upazila
|A Market in Satkhira|
Places of Interest:
Sundarbans is the largest single block of tidal halophytic mangrove forest in the world and is a World Heritage Site, and covers an area of 5747 km².
The region is home to many ancient buildings and temples such as Sultanpur Shahi Mosque (500 years old). At present the most popular mangrove forest at Kaligonj Upazila is Basjharia Joarar Ban. It is popularly known as the forest of BADHA. The Joarar Ban is the cause of fiction between Bangladesh and Indian border. It is mostly popular of its natural beauty.
The average literacy rate for males is 69.7%, and for females 61%.
|Technical School and College, Satkhira|
Recently established one medical college, 79 colleges, 1 primary teachers training institute, 421 high schools, 41 junior high schools, 259 madrassas, 822 government primary schools.
Most of the peoples of southern part of Satkhira depend on Pisciculture, locally called Gher. Main fruits are mango, jaam (blackberry), jackfruit, banana, papaya, litchi, cocoanut and guava. Farms are 86 dairies, 322 poultry farms, 3046 fisheries, 3650 shrimp farms, 66 hatcheries and 1 cattle breeding centre. The main exports are shrimp, paddy, jute, wheat, betel leaf, leather and jute goods.