Shirvan (Azerbaijani: Şirvan, prior to 1938 Zubovka, from 1938 to 2008, Ali Bayramli, Azerbaijani: Əli Bayramlı, also formerly, Arab Shakhverdi, is a city in Azerbaijan, located on the Kura River. Its former name, Ali Bayramli, was to honor Ali Bayramov the city was renamed to Shirvan by the decision of the Parliament of Azerbaijan on April 25, 2008. The city forms one of the administrative divisions of Azerbaijan.
The city along with the surrounding area was under Arab rule from 800 to 1607 AD. The ruler of the region was titled as "Shirvan Shah". After Arab Iranians occupied this region and then Russia took over this area.
The summer months are typically dry and very hot due Shirvan's semi-desert climate, temperature column could be risen to 44 °C often resulting in moderate drought conditions. In contrast, winter is mild, rarely temperature is descended up to -6 °C.
- Population 78,100
- Azerbaijanis 68.652 (99.7%)
- Meskhetian Turks 207 (0.3%)
- Anatoly Kuleshov — Minister of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Belarus (2009).
- Enver Bariev — Minister for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus (since 2005).
- Nofal Guliyev — National Hero of Azerbaijan.
- Rafael Habibov — National Hero of Azerbaijan.
- Shirin Shukurov — Hero of the Soviet Union.