Tovuz (also, Tauz, Tavus, and Traubenfeld) (Urdu: تووز) is the capital of Tovuz (rayon) in Azerbaijan.
The city takes its name from the turkic Oghuz tribeIn 1818, the town renamed to Traubenfeld during German settlement in the Transcaucasian Democratic Federative Republic but gained city status in 1912. However, the city was resettled with Azerbaijani population after the Germans were expelled by Soviet premier Joseph Stalin.
The economy of Tovuz is partially agricultural, partially tourist based, with some industries in operation.
The history of wine production in Tovuz seems to have begun before the arrival of the Arabs in the 7th century and according to the archaeological findings, which included vessels for wine storage and remains of tartaric acid, proves that the winemaking was apparent in the Tovuz and Ganja region during early stages of social development.
Winemaking industry boosted in the city during German settlement as under Christopher Froer and Christian Gummel, the city created a lot of vineyards. Furthermore, Tovuz became famous for producing cognac, which supplied the entire Russian market.
In addition to German influence in the Caucasus, Russia also played a significant role in the development of winemaking, especially in the Tovuz region in the 19th century. Russian influence was also formative in the development and production of aromatic wines.
The city has one professional football team competing in the top-flight of Azerbaijani football - Turan Tovuz, currently playing in the Azerbaijan Premier League.