Brahmanbaria (Bengali: ব্রাহ্মণবাড়িয়া Bramhonbaŗia) (Urdu and Punjabi: براہمنباریا) is a district in east-central Bangladesh. It literally means the place where Brahmins reside. It is a part of the Chittagong Division. It was part of greater Comilla District until 1984.
Brahmanbaria district is located at the east-central region of Bangladesh. It has a total area of 1927.11 km². Brahmanbaria is bounded by Kishoreganj District and Habiganj District on the north, Comilla District on the south, Habiganj District and Tripura State, India on the east and Meghna River, Kishoreganj District, Narsingdi District and Narayanganj District on the west.
The geography of the district is characterized by low-lying land with small hills and hillocks of red soil. The annual highest average temperature is 34.3 °C and lowest 12.7 °C. Total annual rainfall is 2551 mm. The main rivers of the district are the Meghna River, the Titas River,Buri and Haora.
Brahmanbaria district is divided into nine Upazillas (previously known as Thanas) as below:
- Brahmanbaria Sadar Upazila
- Ashuganj Upazila
- Nasirnagar Upazila
- Nabinagar Upazila
- Sarail Upazila
- Kasba Upazila
- Akhaura Upazila
- Bancharampur Upazila
- Bijoynagar Upazila(new)creat-dec 2010
Brahmanbaria has a rich tradition of nurturing art, education and culture. Ustad Allauddin Khan, the great musical talent of the subcontinent and the father of 'Maihar Gharana' of classical Indian music, was born in this district in 1862.
Ustad Ayet Ali Khan established the Alauddin Music College in 1957 Brahmanbaria and Shilpacharya Zainul Abedin established the Alauddin Sangitayan in 1975. Mohorshee Monomohan Dutta is also a remarkable name for his "Molaya" music.
Sachin Dev Burman (better known as SD Burman), the renowned musician of the subcontinent, spent some time in Brahmanbaria. Umesh Chandra Roy was one of the greatest musicians of Alauddin Music institute.
Al Mahmud, one of the leading poets of modern Bengali, was born in Brahmanbaria in 1936.
|Beautiful View of Brahmanbaria, Bangladesh|
Well-known painter Mr. Ripon's home district was Brahmanbaria . One of the most respected and well known military official in the Bangladesh army, Major General Shakil Ahmed who was killed in the BDR mutiny in 2009 was also from Brahmanbaria.
During the Mughal era, Brahmanbaria was famous for producing quality cloth Muslin. Brahmanbaria was made one of the 3 Sub-divisions of Comilla District by the British rulers in 1860. Brahmanbaria Municipality was established in 1868. It became part of East Pakistan in 1947 which eventually became independent Bangladesh in 1971.
During the 19th century, Brahmanbaria produced great nationalist leaders like Nawab Syed Shamsul Huda, who became president of All India Muslim League in 1921, and Barrister Abdur Rasul a front ranking leader of Indian National Congress.
Upon encouragement of Oli Ahad, a pioneer Language Movement leader who hailed from Brahmanbaria, the movement obtained momentum in this district in 1952.
Mostafa Kamal (Bir Sreshtho) obtained martyrdom in an encounter at Daruin of Akhaura during the War of Independence in 1971.