Thursday, July 19, 2012

Barisal City, Bangladesh; Image Gallery

Brojomohun College (BM College), Barisal, Bangladesh
Brojomohun College (Bengali: ব্রজমোহন কলেজ), often known as BM College, B. M. University College, is one of the oldest institutions of higher education in Bangladesh. It is located in the town of Barisal in South-Western Bangladesh. 

Though Barisal was called the "Venice of the East" and "Crop House of Bengal", the town's education sector was not strong, as it was geographically far from both Dhaka and Calcutta. Barisal Zilla School was established in 1854, but the school was not large enough to serve the rapidly growing numbers of students. To solve the problem, Mahatma Ashwini Kumar Dutta started a new school in 1884. As there was no facility of higher education, the district magistrate at that time, Ramesh Chandra Dutta, requested Mahatma Ashwini Kumar Dutta to establish a college. On June 14, 1889, Aswini Kumar Dutta founded Brojo Mohan College.

The first principal of the college was Babu Gyan Chandra Chowdhury. While Ashwini Kumar Dutta taught English and Logic, Kali Prasanna Ghosh taught History and Kamini Kumar BidyaRatna taught Sanskrit and Bengali. In 1898, BM College was transformed into a "First Grade College" from a "Second Grade College". In 1912, the college went to the Govt. management from personal management strategy. From 1889 to 1917 the regular activities of the college took place in BM School campus. The college was relocated to its own present complex in 1917. 

From the very beginning the college was so dynamic and the results were very good. The teachers of that time were skilled, so Calcutta University started an Honors course in English and Philosophy in 1922, Sanskrit and Mathematics in 1925, Chemistry in 1928, and Economics in 1929. In 1928, Shirimoti Shanti Sudha Ghosh stood First class First in Honors in Mathematics from Calcutta University. 

The time from 1922 to 1948 is called the "Golden Period" of the college. The governor of Bengal at that time, Sir Udbarn, once commented on BM College, "The college promises some day to challenge the supremacy of the metropolitan (Presidency) College." 

Due to the partition of India and Pakistan in 1947, the college lacked teachers and the student body fell to one third of its post-war size. This made it difficult to teach the same numbers of courses and as a result the two year Honors curriculum conducted by Calcutta University was replaced with the three Honors curriculum of Dhaka University. As a consequence, Honors courses except Mathematics were abolished in 1950. In 1952, Honors in Mathematics had also been eradicated. During the 1964-65 session, Honors in Economics restarted. Several other Honors and Masters Courses of various subjects started between 1972 to the 2005-06 sessions. 

The time since 1965 has been called the "Age of Enrichment" of the college. Former principal Prof. Mohammad Hanif is called the "Architect of Modern Brojo Mohun College". There are currently 20 degree (pass) courses, 18 Honors courses and 19 Masters courses at BM College. H.S.C. course have been abolished since 1999. 

The poet Jibanananda Das taught at BM College. 

The list of alumni includes 
  • Bir Sreshtho Mohiuddin Jahangir, awarded the highest recognition of bravery in the Bangladesh Army 
  • Jibanananda Das, famous Poet 
  • Altaf Mahmud, musician, cultural activist and martyred freedom fighter 
  • Narayan Gangopadhyay, renowned South Asian author 
  • Dr. Swadesh Bose, renowned Bangladeshi economist and organiser of the Liberation War 
The list of notable faculty includes 
  • Babu Gyan Chandra Chowdhury, founder principal of the college 
  • Aswini Kumar Dutta, founder and taught English and Logic 
  • Kali Prasanna Ghosh, taught History 
  • Kamini Kumar BidyaRatna, taught Sanskrit and Bengali 
  • Jibanananda Das, famous Poet 
  • Prof. Mohammad Hanif, architect of Modern Brojomohun College 
  • Prof. Sarat Chandra Gupta, Successor to Achaya B. N. Seal to become the Principal of the Prestigious Victoria College in the then state of Kochbehar 
  • Prof. Amulya Ratan Gupta, Dept. of English in the Prestigious Victoria College in the then state of Kochbehar.

Barisal Cadet College
Barisal Cadet College (Bengali: বরিশাল ক্যাডেট কলেজ), is a military high school in Rahmatpur, Babuganj, Barisal, Bangladesh. It is located 12 km from Barisal, beside the Dhaka Barisal highway. 

Before the independence of Bangladesh, the then Pakistan government established four cadet colleges by following British public schools' model. After independence, due to the success of those schools, Bangladesh Defense Force kept those colleges (which are High schools by American definition) and established eight more Cadet Colleges (three girls and five 5 boys). 

Previously, it was Barisal Residential Model College. In 1981 Bangladesh government converted this into a cadet college. Its first principal was Mr Md. Mufazzal Husain who was also the project director during initial phase of development. As a cadet college, it consistently has a large number of placements of its alumni in the national armed forces. In addition, it is notable for its results in the national exams at the secondary school and higher secondary level and the placements of its alumni in the national the recent few years this prestigious institution is making excellent result and reaching the acme of success.

Barisal Cadet College boards approximately 300 boys between the ages of 12 and 18 (roughly 50 in each year for grade-7 ) through a nationwide admission test composed of written, oral and medical examinations. The school is headed by a Principal, appointed by the Adjutant General's Branch of Bangladesh Army. It contains three houses- Shariatullah, Suhrwardy and Sher-e-Bangla, each headed by a housemaster, selected from among the senior members of the teaching staff. 

Barisal Polytechnic Institute
Barisal Polytechnic Institute (Bengali: বরিশাল পলিটেকনিক ইন্সটিউট) or BPI is a Government Technical Institute in Barisal, Bangladesh. It is one of the largest Polytechnic Institutes in Bangladesh.The institute was established in 1962.BPI is located at Alekanda in Barisal city, in Bangladesh.It offers Diploma-level programmes for engineering students in many different technological areas. 

After completing the SSC level (10th grade, also known as 'O' level, or 'Dakhil' level) a student can pursue his or her educational career, to obtain a "Diploma-in-Engineering" degree which falls within the "Technical Education System" from Polytechnic Institutes, or they can obtain a HSC (12th grade, also known as 'A' level, or 'Intermediate' level, or 'Alim' level) certificate degree, which falls within the "General Education System" from various other academic colleges (HSC being the mainstream study line in South-Asian countries). HSC courses focus mainly on the Sciences, Arts, Commerce, Business, Law, Medicine, etc., whereas Diploma-in-Engineering courses in Polytechnic Institutes focus mainly on Technology (Applied & Practical Sciences) areas. 

The "Diploma-in-Engineering" degree is rated higher than the HSC certificate, and both are lesser than a formal Baccalaureate or BSc (Bachelor in Science) degree. They are the entry level diplomas for enrolling into any B.Sc in engineering degrees. Students which complete the Diploma-in-Engineering (4 year-long curriculum) courses acquire an educational level equivalent to grade XIV (14th grade); students who complete the HSC level (2 year-long curriculum), acquire an educational level equivalent to grade XII (12th grade). Most of the diploma-in-engineering curricula were extended from a 3 year study period to a 4 year-long study period. In the "Madrasah Education System", 14th grade is also known as 'Fazil' level. 

A diploma degree should not to be confused with a European or American "Diploma", which usually consists of a year-long educational curriculum in order to obtain a (Diploma) "certificate", not a Degree. In those geographical areas, various Science and Technical subjects are offered to obtain an "Associate" degree which includes a minimum of 2 years' curriculum, and is also transferable toward obtaining a Bachelor degree. It comes closest to a South-Asian "Diploma-in-Engineering" degree, where such "Associate" degrees are still 2 years longer than a South-Asian degree. Even though a few other types of "Associate" degrees (1 yr or 2 yr) are offered in some Occupational areas, those are (usually) nontransferable, so such "Associate" degrees are considered of a lesser level than a South-Asian "Diploma-in-Engineering" degree. 

After completing a Diploma-in-Engineering or a HSC students can further pursue their educational careers to obtain a formal Bachelor degree in one of the following two categories: "Pass" (3 years) or "Honours" (4 years) from various Public or Private Universities. Diploma Engineers can also enrol in Technology Universities to obtain the BSc (Tech.Edn) or BSc.Eng (Engineering) degrees, which include a 2.5-3 years shorter curriculum, because students have already completed various required subjects in the level during their previous courses. After completing this BSc level, students reach grade XVI (16th grade). Diploma students can also enrol in any other Public or Private Universities. Likewise, when HSC-degree holders complete a formal Bachelor (Hons), BSc.Eng (Engineering), BSc.Agr (Agriculture), BSc.Text (Textile), BSc.Leat (Leather) or LLB (Hons) they reach the Grade XVI (16th grade) level, which has at least a 4 year-long curriculum. Many HSC-degree holders decide to obtain a formal BSc or Bachelor degree "Pass" only, which is actually a 3 year-long course (15th grade). 

One of the professional societies of engineers, the Institution of Engineers, Bangladesh (IEB), conducts a specially designed engineering course, upon completion of which trainees can appear at Associate Membership Examinations Part A and Part B. After succeeding in these examinations trainees become an Associate Member of the Institution of Engineers (AMIE). The certificate awarded to those who pass this examination is recognized by public and private sector organizations in the country as equivalent to a formal degree in Engineering. With an AMIE degree it is possible to obtain the same jobs as engineers holding Bachelor's degrees. Other engineering associations and societies are the Institute of Diploma Engineers, Bangladesh (IDEB), the Association of Consulting Engineers, the Association of Self-Employed Engineers, the Society of Mechanical Engineers and the Society of Geotechnical Engineers. These are optional subscriptions for Diploma-in-Engineering degree holders, including other Public and Private Universities. 

There are two male and one female dormitories. About three hundred residential students stay there. One of them is situated in the main campus and the other in the residential campus. Dormitories are currently under construction. After completion, the facilities and capacity of the residences will be increased. 

  • Main hall 
  • New Hall 
  • Ladies Hall 
The Institute operates under the executive control of the Ministry of Education(MOE), acting through the Directorate of Technical Education (DTE). The academic programmes are regulated by the Bangladesh Technical Education Board (BTEB). BTEB functions under the Directorate of Inspections and Audits (DIA), which in turn functions under the Chief Accounts Office (CAO), and it functions under the MOE. 

Barisal Zilla School
Barisal Zilla School is a boys school located in Barisal, Bangladesh. One of the oldest schools in Bangladesh, it has more than two thousand students. Beside the school playground, Barisal Zilla School owns famous ground called Poreshagor. The school celebrated its 175th anniversary on 9-10 December 2005. 

Barisal Zilla School is one of the best schools across the country and is the first high school founded in Barisal Division. Mainly the historical Barisal Zilla School was founded by Mr. N.W. Garret on December 23, 1829 with only 8 students. The then name of the school was "Barisal English School". The first Headmaster of this school was Mr. John Smith and the first teacher from Bengal was Babu Tanuram Lahiri (বাবু তনুরাম লাহিড়ী). From 1853 to 1891 this school was directed under Government management as "Barisal Zilla School". In 1891 it was declared as a Non-Government school and was renamed 'Barisal English School'. In 1906 it was once again brought under govt. management and once again got the name "Barisal Zilla School". At that time, the school building was in the land of Mr. Lucas right at the west side of the Protestant church. As the then Bengal Governor opined the school as an unhygienic one, Mr. Barton founded the current school building. In 1991 the school started two shifts : morning & day. Currently it is regarded as the best school of the south-east region of Bangladesh. 

Notable alumni include: 
  • Sher-E-Bangla A. K. Fazlul Huq 
  • Abdur Rahman Biswas 
  • Tapan Raychaudhuri 
  • Altaf Mahmud 
  • Buddhadeb Guha

Faundation Stone of the University of Barisal
University of Barisal, is the only general public university in Barisal division and the country's 33rd public university. It has started educational activities on 25 January 2012.

Demand for university was first made at 1960 before independence of Bangaladesh. At 1973, then Prime Minister Sheikh Mujibur Rahman declared to establish a university in Barisal during a rally held the city. President Ziaur Rahman made a similar statement of establishing a university in Barisal as well in November 23, 1978 while he as attending a rally in Barisal Circuit House.

After three decades, upon strong demandes from people of Barisal, finally the proposal was passed in ECNEC at November 29, 2008 by then Caretaker Government and at 22 November 2011 Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina inaugurated the construction of building of the university. The educational activities were inaugurated by Minister for education Nurul Islam at 25 January 2012 in a temporary campus in Barisal Zilla School.

Main Campus construction is scheduled to finish at 2013 at Karnakati on the eastern bank of the Kirtonkhola river in Sadar upazila. Tk 90 core will be used to construct the university on 50 acres of land, including 12 acres of private and 38 acres public land.

In academic year 2011-2012 around 400 students are enrolled in six majors under four disciplines.

University's temporary campus is located at Barisal Zilla School. The campus will be on the eastern bank of the River Kirtonkhola in Sadar upazila of Barisal Division .Classes for 2011-12 academic year has started on 25 January 2012. Admission is offered for five subjects: Management and Marketing, English, Economics, Sociology and Mathematics.

Governemnt Syed Hatem Ali College, Barisal, Bangladesh
Governemnt Syed Hatem Ali College (Bengali: সরকারি সৈয়দ হাতেম আলি কলেজ '), located in Barisal, is one of renowned college of southern Bangladesh. It is a university level college where students besides class 12, they can attend into bachelor courses as well.The college was established in 1966 on 17 acres of land. The college was nationalized in 1986. 

Sher-e-Bangla Medical College and Hospital, Barisal, Bangladesh
Sher-e-Bangla Medical College (SBMC), is one of the most reputed government medical college in Bangladesh. SBMC was established in 1969 and is run under the administration of the University of Dhaka. It was named after A. K. Fazlul Huq, known by his nickname of "Sher-e-Bangla" which means "Tiger of Bengal", a leading Bengali statesman and former prime minister of Pakistan in the first half of the 20th century, who's endless efforts helped to establish this unique institution. 

The college started functioning in 1968 as Barisal Medical College, though the foundation stone was laid on November 6, 1964. It was renamed as Sher-e-Bangla Medical College after the name of late Sher-e-Bangla AK Fazlul Huq hailing from Barisal. The college is governed by the medical deanery of the University of Dhaka; recognised by the Bangladesh Medical and Dental Council. The General Medical Council (GMC) of UK recognises the MBBS degree obtained by the students of this college. 

About 180 students are admitted by a nation wide competitive entry exam every year. The admission examination is conducted by Director General of Health Services (DGHS), Bangladesh. 38 foreign students from Nepal, India, Pakistan, Palestine, Sudan and Somalia are studying in the college under SAARC student exchange programme. 

In this reputed medical college along with graduation course (MBBS) there is also provision for post graduation courses (MD, MS, Diploma) in different subjects.

Sher-e-Bangla Medical College located in the southeastern part of Barisal town on the bank of river Kirtonkhola. The college has an area of about 33 ha. Student dormitories, nursing institute, nurses' training institute, dormitory for staff nurses, and residences of teachers are situated on the campus. 

There are three hostels for male students and two for the female students. Male and female intern doctors have each one hostel. 

The teaching hospital is the attached Sher-e-Bangla Medical College Hospital, with 500 beds, and indoor and outdoor facilities. The head of the hospital is a director. The hospital entertains about 30,000 patients annually. There are 296 nurses, 25 medical technologists and 17 pharmacists in the hospital. One deputy director, one store officer, one administrative officer and 470 auxiliary staff assist the director in the management of the hospital. 

The college conducts five-year undergraduate medical education courses leading to MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery). One-year internship after graduation is compulsory for registration as a doctor in Bangladesh. The University of Dhaka conducts three professional MBBS examinations: First, Second and Final at the end of 2nd, 4th and 5th year respectively to confer the MBBS degree. 

The college provides post-graduate training for FCPS, Masters, and diploma courses. 

There are 11 major departments in the college; these include Anatomy, Physiology, Biochemistry, Community Medicine, Pharmacology, Forensic Medicine, Pathology, Microbiology, Medicine (including Paediatrics, Psychiatry, Dermatology and Venereal Diseases, Physical Medicine, Cardiology, Nephrology, Neuro-medicine and other sub-specialties), Surgery (including Ophthalmology, Otorhinolaryngology, Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Paediatric Surgery, Anaesthesiology, Dentistry, Blood Transfusion, Radiology, Radiotherapy and other sub-specialties), and Obstetrics and Gynaecology. 

The principal is the head of the institution. The other staff members include one vice principal, 21 professors, 28 associate professors, 29 assistant professors, two curators, 44 lecturers, six medical officers, one secretary, and 188 paramedics and auxiliary staff. 

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